Services and Accommodations
Special Education Services and Accommodations
What are special education services?
Special education services are the supports, settings, and instruction provided to an individual student, supplementing general education curriculums and settings. The scope and design of each student’s services are driven by their evaluation.
What services will your student receive?
Services are based on each eligible student’s unique educational needs. Every student receiving special education services has an IEP (A legal document that describes a student's learning needs, the services the More) which defines what services that student receives.
IEP (A legal document that describes a student's learning needs, the services the More) The format of an IEP is standardized, but the details are specific to each student. Each student’s IEP is developed by their A team including parents and school officials that develops and monitors an More. Services must align with the student’s established needs.
Placement and Primary Service Types Placement is informed by the IEP and defines the setting, intensity, and instructional content of each student’s services. Within Seattle Public Schools, each A team including parents and school officials that develops and monitors an More selects a Seattle Public Schools More Primary Service type based on placement decisions. This choice will determine some aspects of service delivery within Seattle Public Schools.
Where will your student receive services?
Assignment and Service Locations – A student’s assignment is the location where they attend school. The district determines assignment, after considering the student’s placement and services. When possible and appropriate, students receiving special education services will be served in their neighborhood school. Some students may have modified assignments due to the complexity of their services.
How will your student change or maintain services?
Changing Schools and Rising – As students progress through their education, they are likely to change schools at least once. Why might a student change schools? What are your student’s options, and what is affected by special education services?
Maintaining and Revising Services – Change and growth are expected. Learn about what that means for your student’s services. Yearly IEP reviews and other types of changes.
Exiting Services – Details about exiting from special education services. Graduation, aging out, and summary of performance (SoP).
Related Topics and Services – An index of topics and services related to special education.
- Deaf and Hard of Hearing (DHH) Services – DHH program information and resources
- Vision services are available to qualifying low vision and blind students. This More – Vision program information and resources
- Twice-Exceptional – Students who qualify for both Special Education services and Advanced Learning/Highly Capable services. Learn more about Twice-Exceptional learners.
The concept of a continuum of alternative placements is universal for all school districts under the Washington State Administrative Code (WAC). The Continuum Approach is a service delivery structure specific to K-12 students attending Seattle Public Schools. It couples a flexible delivery approach with a rigorous delivery structure, allowing for predictability and quality simultaneously with individualized programming.
Students not attending Seattle Public Schools
Students Not Attending Seattle Public Schools – For students entering the district with an IEP, students attending private school or home school, and students who are dually-enrolled.
Entering Seattle Public Schools with an IEP
Students of any age entering the district with an Individual Education Program (IEP) must be enrolled in the district before they can receive services. This includes students with existing IEPs who are transferring into Seattle Public Schools from a different school district, or students transitioning from preschool.
Enroll your student through the Admissions Department. Be sure to tell Admissions that your student has a pre-existing IEP. If possible, bring a copy of your student’s most recent IEP and evaluation to give to Admissions.
Out of District Placement Process
Once a student with a pre-existing IEP has been enrolled, the out of district placement process begins. This process includes:
- reviewing the student’s existing evaluation and IEP
- forwarding existing materials to the student’s assigned school
- considering if the student should be reevaluated
If a reevaluation is recommended, the existing IEP will guide the services provided until a new IEP is in place.
Private Schools, Homeschools, and Contracted Placement
Students not attending SPS include homeschooled students, students voluntarily enrolled by their parents in private schools, and students in contracted placements.
Regardless of their daily school setting, all students designated to receive services must have an IEP or Service Plan that accurately reflects their evaluation and areas of qualification. However, the delivery of services for students not attending SPS may be different.
Approved Private Schools (Washington State Board of Education)