Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment
2021-22 PPRA Annual Notification of Rights
The Protection of Pupil Rights Amendment (PPRA) is a federal law that gives parents/guardians of elementary and secondary students rights regarding the collection of data for surveys, marketing, and certain physical exams. The Seattle School Board has adopted Board Policy No. 3232 detailing the rights and obligations of the PPRA. More information about the PPRA can be found at: www.ed.gov.
The PPRA requires parents or guardians to be informed before students are asked questions in a survey about:
- Political affiliations or beliefs of the student or student’s parent;
- Mental or psychological problems of the student or student’s family;
- Sex behavior or attitudes;
- Illegal, anti-social, self-incriminating, or demeaning behavior;
- Critical appraisals of others with whom respondents have close family relationships;
- Legally recognized privileged relationships, such as with lawyers, doctors, or ministers;
- Religious practices, affiliations, or beliefs of the student or student’s parent; or
- Income, other than as required bylaw to determine program eligibility.
For surveys that ask questions about one or more of the eight identified topics, parents/guardians have the right to:
Receive notice, inspect upon request, and be given an opportunity to opt their student out of participation.
For surveys that ask about one or more of the eight identified topics and are funded in whole or in part by the United States Department of Education, parents/guardians have the right to:
Receive notice, inspect upon request, and provide consent prior to their student’s participation.
These rights will transfer from parents/guardians to a student who is 18 years old or an emancipated minor under State law.
Anticipated 2021-22 Surveys
Check Yourself: Screening supported by King County that provides instant individual feedback about health behaviors. Among other topics, questions are asked about substance use, mental health, and safety. Middle and high schools plan to give Check Yourself to students in the fall/winter. Contact your student’s counseling office to inspect and/or opt out.
Youth Risk Behavior Survey: This national survey is supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Pre-vention (CDC) and is administered every other school year. Survey questions ask high school students about health behaviors including mental health, sexual behavior, substance use, physical activity, and nutrition. This survey will occur in October. Contact your student’s main office secretary to inspect and/or opt out.
Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire: This brief social and emotional questionnaire is used by school nurses as a tool to promote academic success and reduce barriers to learning. Questions are asked about mental health and illegal behavior. The SDQ will be given in the fall/winter to 6th and 9th grade students attending Families Education Preschool and Promise Levy levy-supported schools. Contact your student’s school nurse to inspect and/or opt out.
Healthy Youth Survey: This survey is a collaborative effort of the The division of state government in Washington charged with administering public schools, the Department of Health, the Department of Social and Health Service’s Division of Be-havioral Health and Recovery, and the Liquor and Cannabis Board. This anonymous survey is given to 6, 8, 10, and 12 grade students in October. Among other topics, it asks questions about substance use, mental health, and close family relationships. Contact your student’s main office secretary to inspect and/or opt out.
School Climate Surveys: These surveys will be administered 2-3 times throughout the year to all students in grades 3-12. The survey includes topics such as student belonging and relationships, school practices that support social emotional learning, access to high-quality culturally responsive instruction, schools’ anti-racist practices, and others. Additionally, a section of the survey includes questions on students’ race/ethnicities, home language(s), gender identities and (for students in grades 6-12 only) sexual orientations. All survey responses are completely anonymous. Contact the Seattle Public Schools Research Department (firstname.lastname@example.org) to inspect and/or opt out for the academic year.
Seattle Public Schools does not anticipate a United States Department of Education-funded survey containing questions in the eight identified topics in the 2020-21 school year.
Contact Assistant General Counsel Roxane O’Connor at: email@example.com
Parents/guardians who believe their PPRA rights have been violated may file a complaint with:
Family Policy Compliance Office
U.S. Department of Education
400 Maryland Avenue SW