Special Education Services - Accessing Services
- Child Find
- Intervention and Referrals
"Child Find" refers to the process of locating, identifying, and evaluating children with disabilities to ensure that they receive services to which they are entitled. Children and youth, ages birth to 21 living in the Seattle School District who are suspected of having a disability may be referred for a possible evaluation to determine if they are eligible for special education services.
- Birth to Three: For children under three years of age call Community Health Access Program (CHAP) toll free at (800) 756-5437.
- Preschool: If you are aware of a preschooler, from 3 through 5 years old, who has or may have a disability, call (206) 252-0805 for next steps. For a speech only referral please call (206) 252-0803.
|Birth-Three Family Handbook||Early Childhood Brochure|
|Concerned parents, guardians or caregivers
of a preschool age child, can call Child Find at 206-252-0805
or send email to email@example.com.
if they would like to initiate the referral process due to
developmental concerns or if they have questions about the Child Find
|Pre-K Enrollment Application|
Providing effective educational services to students is the result of a process of identification, intervention, referral, evaluation, instructional planning, and placement. Here are some key steps to the process:
The Student Intervention Team (SIT):
Each Seattle Public Schools building has a SIT process, which is managed by a collaborative team to support the success of ALL students. One of the main purposes of SIT is to identify, implement, and monitor interventions in general education classrooms to reduce student struggle and support students’ access to and success in general education curriculum and activities and their achievement of district standards. For many students who struggle, the best first step is a referral to the Student Intervention Team, and the consistent implementation of interventions. The only exception to this process is when a student has a visible and/or readily identifiable disability and is in need of specially designed instruction and services. The intent of this pre-referral process is to prevent the inappropriate referral of students to special education services and the implementation of effective strategies, including social and emotional supports, school-wide.
The Referral Process:
A referral of a student suspected of having a disability may be initiated in writing by any source, including but not limited to parents, medical personnel, school district personnel, community agencies, civil authorities, through district screening procedures, and by other interested persons. When a student suspected of having a disability is brought to the attention of school personnel, the school district will document the referral, provide written notice to the student’s parent(s), and determine with parental input whether the student is a candidate for evaluation.
Upon reviewing the referral, school personnel collect and examine existing school, medical, and other records in the possession of the parent, school district, or other public agency, to determine if the student is a candidate for evaluation. The SIT or school team must make a decision regarding eligibility evaluation within 25 school days of the receipt of a written referral.
My child is a . . .
- School age student: If you have a child already in a Seattle Public School who may be in need of special education services, contact your school directly to make a referral. You may direct your referral request in writing to a school staff member or to the school psychologist assigned to your school.
- Transfer student: If your student is transferring into Seattle Public Schools and has received Special Education services from another district, report this information to the staff at the Enrollment Center. If your Preschool student is transferring into the District and she/he has received services in another district, please call (206) 252-0890.
- Student in private school: If a student attends a private school and/or resides in the Seattle School District, he or she may be referred for a possible evaluation and, if eligible, may receive special education services at a public school site. If you suspect a private school student is in need of special education services, call (206) 252-0823 and/or complete the referral packet found here. Please also complete the attached form. Spanish speaking referral packet.
- If a SIT or school team determines that a student is a candidate for evaluation, the school district must obtain signed parental consent to evaluate the student in all areas of the suspected disability.
- A group of qualified professionals, usually drawn from District staff, conduct the evaluation.
- They use a variety of assessment tools and strategies to gather relevant functional and developmental information about the student, including information provided by the parents and information related to enabling the student to be involved in and progress in the general curriculum.
- After they have completed the testing and evaluation materials, the test administrators and the parent of the student determine if the student has a disability and is in need of special education and any necessary related services.;
- Once a student has been determined to be eligible for services, an IEP team writes an education plan. The student's parent is an important member of this team.
- This plan contains at a minimum a) a statement of the student’s present levels of academic achievement and functional performance, b) annual goals, c) statement of related services or supplementary aids and services, d) an explanation to the extent the student will participate with typically developing peers, e) projected dates for beginning services, f) the location of those services, and g) how the student’s progress will be measured and reported to parents.
- The IEP is the framework for ensuring that students with disabilities have a free, appropriate public education.